Global and China Automotive Modularization Trends Report 2021 – ResearchAndMarkets.com
DUBLIN – (BUSINESS WIRE)–The “Trend research report on automobile modularization, 2021” Report was added to ResearchAndMarkets.com to offer.
Research on automotive modularization: creation of electrical modular platforms, reduction of the number of platforms and development of core platforms
The demand for inexpensive and short development cycles for new models promotes the development of automotive modular platforms.
An automotive modular platform comprises the modular construction and assembly of all subsystems of a car, the standardized construction and manufacture of car parts in the form of modules and the final “assembly” according to the positioning of models.
In contrast to the traditional automotive platform, which is only intended for models on the same level, the modular platform reduces R&D and production costs and shortens the development cycle of new models. At the same time, it facilitates the unification of quality standards and improves the overall strength of the products.
Since Volkswagen launched the MQB platform in 2012, international automakers (including Toyota, Renault-Nissan, Mercedes-Benz, BMW, etc.) and Chinese counterparts (such as Changan, Geely, and GAC) all have their own modular platforms released multiple levels and models.
It is an inevitable trend to develop a dedicated modular platform for electric vehicles
Currently, new energy vehicles represent the main direction of transformation and development in the global automotive industry. In 2020, 3.125 million New Energy Vehicles were sold worldwide, an increase of 41.4% over the previous year. By 2026 it should be 15 million.
In this context, it is a mainstream trend to build a dedicated modular platform for electric vehicles. Compared to the oil-to-electric platform, the modular platform offers advantages such as longer mileage and greater safety. Currently, most of the companies have launched or planned their exclusive electric vehicle platforms. In addition, companies like Volkswagen, Mercedes-Benz and PSA, which are using the oil-to-electricity mode to manufacture new energy vehicles, have also started exploring and showcasing their own dedicated electric vehicle platforms that are under development.
Modular platforms for electric vehicles are mainly proposed by traditional automakers who follow the product layout of the fuel vehicle model in the production of electric vehicles, but they are more inclined to build a wide range of electric vehicle product lines to meet the demand of different consumers in different segments. Hence, modular platforms extend to electric vehicles.
The up-and-coming automakers represented by Tesla adhere to the principle of short product lines and pay more attention to the design advantages of a single model and the software upgrade of the entire vehicle. Modular platforms are of little importance to them.
Fewer platforms and core platforms embody the direction of development
Under normal circumstances, automakers offer several modular platforms for different models, and each modular platform covers a limited range of models. In the future, they will focus on reducing the number of platforms, highlighting the core platforms, and increasing the output of the core platforms. The move will help further reduce costs and improve R&D and manufacturing efficiency.
Currently, Volkswagen, BMW and GM have announced their platform integration plans. In the future, they will prioritize the development of core platforms instead of the existing multiple platforms.
Brand new E / E architecture accelerates the transformation of the profit model in the automotive industry
As they launched modular platforms, some automakers have started upgrading their E / E architectures to “domain integration” or even “centralized” style. For example, the Geely SEA architecture adopts a brand new E / E architecture that integrates three domains and will introduce a centralized architecture in the future. In the future, with the development of modular platforms, it is expected that the E / E architecture of automobiles will be upgraded.
Due to the adoption of the automotive E / E architecture, however, the on-board software system has to be reintegrated, which means that the profit model of the automotive industry is gradually being shifted from the hardware-oriented mode to the software- and service-oriented mode. oriented mode. Volkswagen has recently announced that it will launch a new business model for the Scalable Systems Platform (SSP) in 2024.
The modular body is expected to be mass-produced
Modular design means that the combination of the same chassis and different modular compartments can be used in different scenarios to improve vehicle utilization. Currently, traditional automobile manufacturers and emerging technology companies such as Fiat, Mercedes-Benz, Rinspeed, Rivian, Schaeffler, etc. have launched concept vehicles with interchangeable bodies.
Although most of the current modular cars are concept cars, some companies have put mass production on the agenda.
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For more information on this report, see https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/78h9sw